Scents and trade marks – The EU reform of olfactory marks and advances in odour recognition techniques

In the UK, whereas in theory olfactory trade marks can be registered, there have not been successful applications since the decision of the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) in Ralf Sieckmann v Deutsches Patent- und Markenamt. This contribution suggests that scents may be more easily registered in the near future as a consequence of the EUContinue reading “Scents and trade marks – The EU reform of olfactory marks and advances in odour recognition techniques”

Against the Dehumanisation of Decision-Making. Algorithmic Decisions at the Crossroads of IP, Data Protection, and Freedom of Information

You can find here the full text of my latest work on algorithms and automated decision making with a focus on intellectual property, the EU General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), and freedom of information. Nowadays algorithms can decide if one can get a loan, is allowed to cross a border, or must go to prison.Continue reading “Against the Dehumanisation of Decision-Making. Algorithmic Decisions at the Crossroads of IP, Data Protection, and Freedom of Information”

Can the law fix the problems of fashion? An empirical study on social norms and power imbalance in the fashion industry

The fashion industry is affected by an imbalance of power that goes beyond the outsourcing of part of the manufacture to developing countries. Said imbalance characterizes the whole supply chain and hinders freedom of expression, freedom to conduct business and, hence, creativity and innovation. In order to understand fashion, IP lawyers and lawmakers need toContinue reading “Can the law fix the problems of fashion? An empirical study on social norms and power imbalance in the fashion industry”

Uber Law and Awareness by Design. An Empirical Study on Online Platforms and Dehumanised Negotiations

I have published an article that sheds light on the main consumer law aspects of the sharing economy through an empirical analysis of online platforms. Given the recent European consultation with the purpose of understanding (whether, or, more likely) how to regulate platforms, it is critical that consumer law considerations will be part of futureContinue reading “Uber Law and Awareness by Design. An Empirical Study on Online Platforms and Dehumanised Negotiations”

Some considerations on intelligent online behavioural advertising

The Cambridge Analytica scandal in March 2018 was a useful reminder of how personal data is used to target users and of how such targeting has profound societal consequences. Online behavioural advertising refers to advertisements, which are tailored to the tastes and habits of the user who actually views them. It is an intricate phenomenonContinue reading “Some considerations on intelligent online behavioural advertising”

Emergency Remote Teaching: a study of copyright and data protection terms of popular online services (Part I)

What happens to teachers’ and students’ digital content and personal data once all learning is moved online? With a group of colleagues from the UK, Italy, Belgium, France, and the Netherlands, we have analysed the terms of service and privacy policies of Emergency Remote Teaching tools such as Zoom, Teams, and Moodle. In this firstContinue reading “Emergency Remote Teaching: a study of copyright and data protection terms of popular online services (Part I)”

Artificial Intelligence and Databases in the Age of Big Machine Data

AIDA has now been published and it contains my contribution to the AI and IP debate: Artificial Intelligence and Databases in the Age of Big Machine Data This paper deals with those databases where Artificial Intelligence technologies are used to obtain, verify, or present the database’s contents (‘AI databases’).  The overarching research question is whether AI databases can be protected under the copyright and sui generis regimes provided by the Database Directive. The alleged inadequacy of the sui generis right for the data economy and, in particular, for machine- generated data led the European Parliament to call on the Commission to abolish said right and the Commission to propose the introduction of a data producer’s right as a new property that would have done what the sui generis right had been unable to.  It is this paper’s contention that, contrary to popular belief, the sui generis right is fit for AI databases and that a different solution would lead to overprotection of said subject matter by contractual means. The sui generis right may be the best, if not the only, way to protect AI ‘authorial’ works. Indeed, even if AI works currently fall outside the scope of copyright law for lack of originality, they could nonetheless be protected if part of a database. Thus, thanks to AI, the sui generis right may become more important than ever. More info here. AIDA 2018 is available on IusExplorer. Please cite as Guido Noto La Diega, ‘Artificial Intelligence and Databases in the Age ofContinue reading “Artificial Intelligence and Databases in the Age of Big Machine Data”

Can Permissionless Blockchains be Regulated and Resolve Some of the Problems of Copyright Law?

I’m delighted to share my latest research on blockchains and copyright! In October 2018, the European Parliament passed a resolution on distributed ledger technologies that recognised blockchains’ potential to disrupt copyright and creative industries. The aim of ‘Can Permissionless Blockchains be Regulated and Resolve Some of the Problems of Copyright Law?’ – chapter I co-authored with JamesContinue reading “Can Permissionless Blockchains be Regulated and Resolve Some of the Problems of Copyright Law?”

Can AI and the IoT be Governed to Achieve the UN Sustainable Development Goals? An Intellectual Property Law Perspective

The WTO can play an important role in achieving the UN sustainable development goals. Investments in AI and IoT could go a long way, in that these technologies could lead to economic growth, innovation, good health, and new services. For this to happen, however, they must be adequately governed. This means, practically, that we needContinue reading “Can AI and the IoT be Governed to Achieve the UN Sustainable Development Goals? An Intellectual Property Law Perspective”

Blockchain-enabled smart contracts, copyright licensing, and the right to change one’s mind

The concept of smart contract predates the blockchain and was first presented in 1994 by Nick Szabo who defined it as ‘a computerized transaction protocol that executes the terms of a contract.’ The promise of automated execution has become even more alluring with the new generation of smart contracts, that are a collection of codeContinue reading “Blockchain-enabled smart contracts, copyright licensing, and the right to change one’s mind”

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